Manaoag, Pangasinan – 22 July 2011. In solemn rites attended by thousands of Marian devotees, the “Special Bond of Spiritual Affinity” between the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major in Rome and the Shrine of Our Lady of the Rosary in Manaoag was formally proclaimed.
The formal proclamation was read during the Holy Mass presided by the Most Rev. Socrates B. Villegas, DD, the Archbishop of Lingayen-Dagupan, with the Most Rev. Renato P. Mayugba, DD, Auxiliary of Lingayen-Dagupan and Most Rev. Marlo M. Peralta, Bishop of Alaminos. The two Vatican Decrees were first read in Latin and then in English. The two documents were separately signed by Fortunatus S. R. E. Cardinal Baldelli, Paenitentiarius Maior and Bernard Francis Cardinal Law, Papalis Basilicae Liberianae Archipresbyter on 20 April 2011 and 21 April 2011, respectively.
The marker commemorating the event was blessed before the solemn Eucharistic Celebration.
“Today, you have every reason to be proud children of the Virgin of Manaoag. This shrine of our Lady is the first, and until now, the only church in the Philippines to be given the title ‘affiliate’ on one of the four papal basilicas”, Archbishop Socrates B. Villegas said in his homily. (Please read Archbishop Socrates B. Villegas’ homily “The Greatness of Manaoag” by following this link).
“The spiritual benefits that you can gain by visiting the papal basilicas, you can also receive by visiting the Shrine of Manaoag. … The Holy Father assures all the pilgrims who come to this revered sanctuary his apostolic blessings and the spiritual graces of the Church”
By virtue of the Spiritual Bond of Affinity on 20 April 2011, the Apostolic Penitentiary granted in perpetuity that Plenary Indulgence may be obtained from the Shrine of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary in Manaoag, provided that in addition to living a virtuous Christian life, they comply with the conditions required, namely: sacramental confession, Eucharistic Communion and prayer for the intention of the Pope with the rite having been completed by the truly repentant faithful in the Sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Most Holy Rosary.
Those who wish to receive the plenary indulgence must participate in the following:
1. On the Feast day of the titular Liberian Basilica, namely on 5 August;
2. On the Feast day of the titular church itself, (1st Sunday of October and 3rd Wednesday during Easter Season);
3. On all the Solemnities of the Virgin Mary, Mother of God;
4. In the same year, on the day freely chosen by each of the faithful;
5. As often as a group of pilgrims go there for reason of devotion.
Indulgences remit temporal punishment due to sin which is already forgiven. An indulgence, according to Can. 992, of the Code of Canon Law, is “the remission before God of temporal punishment for sins whose guilt is already forgiven, which a properly disposed member of the Christian faithful gains under certain and defined conditions by the assistance of the Church which as minister of redemption dispenses and applies authoritatively the treasury of the satisfactions of the Christ and the saints”.
Indulgences do not forgive sin, but remit punishment due to already forgiven sin. The indulgences do not eliminate the need for or substitute for Confession, but rather presuppose that one has already received sacramental absolution in Confession (for those who were in a state of moral sin). Hence, one must be in the state of grace to receive indulgences.
Plenary and Partial Indulgence
A plenary indulgence is a complete remission of all temporal punishment due to sin. A partial indulgence frees a person from some of the temporal punishment due to sin.
Indulgences do not eliminate the requirement of restitution, but should be obtained in addition to making restitution. For example, if someone were to steal an item from another, he should go to Confession ( and receive sacramental absolution), restore the item (or otherwise make full restitution), and obtain indulgences.